How common is autism?
There are over half a million people living with autism in the UK. This figure includes all conditions on the autistic spectrum, including classic autism, Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism.
Autistic spectrum disorders are more common in boys than girls and affect around 1 in 100 children in the UK.
There are three major forms of autistic spectrum disorders; these are:
• Classic autism (also known as autistic disorder)
• Asperger syndrome
• Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS) (also known as atypical autism)
The autistic spectrum
Autism affects people to different degrees and in different ways, which is why an autistic person’s condition is often referred to based on an autistic spectrum.
Some types of autistic disorder affect people differently to other types. Some are only mildly affected by their condition, while others find it very difficult to live a normal life and may struggle throughout their childhood and adult lives.
Some people with severe conditions require round the clock care and attention.